The Pali Canon

The suttas in the Pali Canon contain fundamental teachings embraced by all Buddhists.An excellent compilation of these texts, with commentary, is Bhikkhu Bodhi’s In The Buddha’s Words. Many of them are also available online. Here are a few examples of important (and short) suttas:

Adittapariyaya Sutta (The fire sermon)

Anapanasati Sutta (On the awareness of breath)

Dhammacakkappattana Sutta (The first turning of the wheel of the dharma)

Satipatthana Sutta (On the foundations of mindfulness)